It’s Wednesday, which means it’s time for another Peak of the Week! This week’s peak is Pikes Peak in Colorado.
Pikes Peak (originally Pike’s Peak) is a mountain in the Front Range of the Rocky Mountains within Pike National Forest, 10 mi (16 km) west of Colorado Springs, Colorado, in El Paso County in the United States of America.
Originally called “El Capitán” by Spanish settlers, the mountain was renamed Pike’s Peak after Zebulon Pike, Jr., an explorer who led an expedition to the southern Colorado area in 1806. The Arapaho name is heey-otoyoo’ (“long mountain”).
At 14,115 feet (4,302 m), it is one of Colorado’s 54 fourteeners, mountains that rise more than 14,000 feet (4,300 m) above mean sea level, and rises 8,000 ft (2,400 m) above downtown Colorado Springs.
Pikes Peak Facts
- Gold was discovered in the area of present-day Denver in 1858, and newspapers referred to the gold-mining area as “Pike’s Peak.” Pike’s Peak or Bust became the slogan of the Colorado Gold Rush.
- In July 1893, Katharine Lee Bates wrote the song “America the Beautiful”, after having admired the view from the top of Pikes Peak. It appeared in print in The Congregationalist, a weekly journal, on July 4, 1895. A plaque commemorating the words to the song was placed at the summit.
- The uppermost portion of Pikes Peak, above 14,000 feet (4,300 m) elevation, was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1961.
- At the peak, the partial pressure of oxygen is only about 60% of that at sea level, so a faster rate of respiration is required by those not regularly at high altitudes.
Source/more information on Pikes Peak: (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pikes_Peak)